The Weather

Today—Mostly cloudy, windy and mild with high about 60. Showers in late

afternoon or night. Thur

cloudy, windy and colder.

temperatures: High, 34 a

sday— Mostly Tuesday's t 2:25 p. m..:

“Tow, 37 at 6:15 a. m. (Details on Page (8) ~

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“oth Year —No. 3

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Coprrieht. 1955 ashineton Post Company

WEDNESDAY, NO

VEMBER 23,

1955

WTOP Radio (1500) TV (Ch. 9)

FIVE CENTS

JURY ACQUITS MRS. GORICKI

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Ike Readies New Order On Conflict Of Interests

Gettysburg Move Expected This Week To Tighten Curbs On Federal Aides

By Warren Unna Stafl Reporter

The President's Gettys- burg headquarters ex- pected this week to issue a new executive order tighten- ing up conflict of interest regulations for Government employes and consultants. |

The order has been drawn! up by Judge Stanley N. Barnes, | Assistant Attorney .General in’ charge of the Justice Depart- ment’s Anti-Trust Division. It was learned the order was fought all along the line before finally winning top approval.

The forthcoming action will come just as Democrats are! beginning to make a 1956 cam- paign issue out of businessmen | with allegedly conflicting in-; terests serving in the Repubili-| can Administration.

The issue began in the pres- ent Administration when De- fense Secretary Charles E. Wil- son was at first reluctant to) divest himself of his General Motors stock the ground that “what's good for General Motors is good for the country.”) Congressmen pointed out that since the Defense Department General Motors’ biggest! customer, there was bound to) be a conflict of interests, Wil-| son then sold his stock.

Since then, Air Force Secre-| tary Harold E. Talbott and Pub-| lic Buildings Service Commis- sioner Peter A. Strobel both resigned after congressional tes- timony showed each was still] taking an active interest in the! welfare of his firm’s business clients. |

During the Dixon-Yates power! Contract hearings, Adolphe M.| Wenzell testified he was both a! vice president and director of| the First Boston Corp., a New! York investment house, while serving as a Budget Bureau! consultant to help the Govern-| ment refinance the Tennessee’ Valley Authority. Wenzell;- as: did the. others, denied any con: flict of interests.

Most recently, the Senate} Government Operations Com-|

iS

on

Ww a s

miftee has been investigating!

Interstate Commerce Commis-| sion Chairman Hugh D. Cross) to see if he was involved in a dispute on behalf of the Kee-

‘would go to Coon Rapids, lowa, |to buy the cornseed from Garst|

| five

Judge Upsets

Civilian Trial

By Military Court-Martial _ Ruled Out for

Service Wife Held In Mate’s Death

By Kar! R. Bauman Associated Press

Military courts lack juris- diction to hold criminal trials for civilians who accompany the armed forces overseas, United States District Judge Edward A. Tamm ruled here lyesterday. | Judge Tamm made the broad \ruling in the case of Clarice B.

ES ARABIA

Limec area locates the 330-mile-long reservoir that would be formed with the construction of the Aswan High Dam.

U.S. to Admit | Five Russians

To Buy Corn

Associated Press

The State Department has decided to let five Russian farm leaders enter the United States to buy about $1 million worth of hybrid corn seed and ma- chinery.

Officials who reported this last night said the five-man delegation may come to this country this week. The group

& Thomas Co.

Officials said the United! States Embassy at Moscow) notified the Soviet foreign of-|

fice the State Department had}

approved an application by a) five-member delegation to buy| the corn and machinery. The originally were named among a 10-man delegation whose request for the tour was rejected.

Officials said no fingerprint- ing which the Russians find obnoxious will be required. Immigration law requires fin- gerprinting except for official visitors. The Russians complain fingerprinting is only for crimi- nals. The five-member group will be an official one so no! fingerprinting is required.

The delegation requested) Nov. 25 as their date of entry. Officials said that date is all right if the Russians can still make it. They said the group would stay less than 30 days.

me Today’s = |

'

How can Washington provide adequate schools for its children? The first of a series of four editorials discussing the

|\Covert, 35, who was convicted by an Air Force court martial in England in the ax murder of

her husband, M/Sgt. Edward E. Covert. The conviction was re- versed on technicalities by the United States Court of Military Appeals and she was in jail awaiting a new trial.

Yesterday's decision, unless overturned by higher courts, conceivably could result in the freeing of other efvilians con- victed abroad by military courts.

Technicians from Egypt and Foamg yb 5 ree ane the International Bank for Re-| norothy Krueger Smith, daugh- construction and Development|+.- of a famed World War I! huddled here yesterday over ai general Walter Krueger. Mrs scheme to harness the Nile that} cnith was convited by an Army is worthy of the imagination of| ...+t.martial in Japan Jan. | the builders of the Great : Pyramid 1963 of premeditated

Focus of their talks was hele oe ste ees on bree A gr pod sr a project |t, death with a hunting knife hardpressed economy. The (Oct > 1962. Mrs Smith re project, also, is a vital factor|ceved & me sentence, a8 did in a growing east-west struggle | Aresios historically have

in the Near East. [In Cairo, Premier Gamal ap.| ken jurisdiction over civilians,

inclifling servants and trades- del Nasser said yesterday that|i2¢ ak if a loar is not granted by they ee We follow military camps.

The Government did not an- Bank by Jan. 1, E t will ac- . ' cept a Soviet thn. 0d of aid) Dounce immediately whether it

for the Nile project. would take ar. appeal from

Kgypt Seeks Nile Project Funds Here

By Bernard D. Nossiter Staf Reporter

Elizabeth Goricki breaks down and sobs on hearing she has been acquitted of murder

Ex-Marine Is Cleared In Slaying Of Husband

Defendant Sobs

At Hearing Verdict; Panel Deliberated Over 6 Hours

By John Briney

Staff Reporter

Elizabeth Goricki was ac- quitted last night of murder in the fatal shooting of her husband, Marine Ist Lt. Ed- ward Goricki, at their home at 2224 N. Kentucky st., Ar- lington, last May 22.

An all-male Arlington Circuit Court jury brought in its ver- dict at 10:55 p. m. The jury re- ceived the case at 4:43 p. m. yesterday after six days of trial.

The defendant at first seemed unable to comprehend the ver- dict. She sat at the counsel table, apparently stunned.

When she realized what the verdict meant, Mrs. Goricki broke down and sobbed un- controllably. A doctor admin- istered a hypodermic, apparent- ly for sedation. She still was crying when she left the court with her attorney, T. Brooke Howard.

At 10:30 p. m., Judge Walter T. McCarthy called the jurors from the jury room and asked them if they had reached a verdict. They said they had not. The judge then told the jurors that “the jury room is no.place for pride of opinion or ob- stinacy.”

He told the jurors “to discuss the evidence in a spirit of fair-

By Bob Burchette, Staff Photographer

Justice kde

[In Washington, meanwhile,|JUdge Tamm's ruling, but the| Egypt's Foreign Minister Abdei|ATmed Services ‘were expected Moneim el-Kaissouni was quot-|‘? press for this course. The de-| ed by International News Serv-|cision will be made by the) ice as saying he was “very|Justice Department after care- optimistic” that the Bank will|ful study of the ruling. grant a loan.] | Judge Tamm based his de-

Blueprints for the dam have |cisions on the Supreme Court's been drawn and have been ap-|recent ruling in the case of proved. by . international ex-iformer Air Force Sgt. Robert perts. But its cost, $1.3 billion | Toth, of Pittsburgh. Toth re- in all, including power instal-jceived an honorable discharge

lations, irrigation systems and/but was arrested and taken to}mer Sen. Harry P, Cain from} 0f seh allied works, poses problems|Korea to stand trial for the|presiding over a Communist-;

as high as the dam. of a South Korean

|murder | The dam will straddle thej|civilian. He was brought home|

Nile near Aswan, about 400/ pending the outcome of a long|ney General Herbert Brownell| erick Henry Mueller, an Eas

To Disqualify

| Cain for Bias In Commerce |To Hospital

* |

United Press The Justice Department called on the Subversive Activities Control Board yesterday to con-

sider a move to disqualify for-

front hearing. In making the request, Attor-

Mueller Gets Teetor’s Post

| GETTYSBURG, Pa., Nov.

‘7—Lothair Teetor quit as an|

:

| Assistant Secretary of Com- merce today, eight days ahead edule.

President Eisenhower accept- ied

t

miles south of Cairo. It will/legal battle in his behalf. The/Jt., strongly indicated that he| Rapids, Mich., furniture manu- rise 365 feet above the river|/Supreme Court, dividing 53,)48reed with “bias and preju-|facturer, to succeed him.

floor and stretch across 3.l\held that civilians like Toth’

mites. Its: requirement- of 57+were entitled to trial in civit}Caim, a member of the Board,| clair Weeks had announced last, iby the defendant in the case.|month that Teetor would stay

million cubic yards of rock fill |

courts. and clay core is 17 times the |

Judge Tamm said he had |

the Great Pyramid of Cheops.|found it applicable to the case

is built, it will back up the Nile! decision teaches, the judge com- into a man-made _ reservoir|mented, is that civilians are | stretching 330 miles, 95 of them/entitled to be tried by civil!

dice” charges brought against

{In Seattle, Cain suspended

‘volume of material piled -into| studied the Toth decision and| hearings until January upon be-| Nov. ing advised of the action, Asso-| then to

When the Aswan High Dam'of Mrs. Covert. What the Toth| “#ted Press said. He called the/ that fee tor was |move “interesting, strange and /| dropped.

almost unbelievable.”)

Secretary of Commerce Sin-

tin Government service until 30. Weeks took occasion deny published reports

| The outgoing Assistant Sec-

lyesterday after being told that!

his resignation, effective im-| 'mediately, and appointed Fred-|

|

“being | psyc

ness and candor... . and if it can be done without a sacri- fice of conscientious convic- tion, agree upon a verdict.”

In his instructions, the Judge told the jurors they could find Mrs. Goricki guilty of second degree murder or voluntary manslaughter, or they could ac- quit her. Second degree murder carries a penaity of nine to 20 years imprisonment. Voluntary manslaughter is punishable by

Katharine Ann Haynes was|4 prison term of from one to

. nas five years. ordered back to St. Elizabeths he 42-year-old former

woman Marine contended if she “talked freely” to hospital|that the 25<caliber automatic doctors she might “expedite”|that took Goricki’s life dis- mental|charged accidentally during a ‘institution. ‘scuffle she and her husbapd The advice came from Chief;were having. The _ killing Judge Bolitha J. Laws of Dis-jclimaxed years of domestic ‘trict Court who granted the strife, she said. Government’s request for acon-| In his closing argument, Com- tinuance. It was-set for.Dec. 19.;monwealth Attorney William The jurist made clear that |Hassan whiplashed Mrs. Go- Haynes was free to talk to|ricki’s testimony Monday that hiatrists because she could}her ousband was killed inad- not be tried a second time for) vertently. ithe murder of her husband’s| He said that

Mrs. Haynes

Ordered Back

By Eve Edstrom

Staff Reporter

iher release from the

Mrs.

“physical evi-

Cain, appointed by President|retary is the former head of |sweetheart, the crime for which|dence” at the shooting scene Eisenhower to the Board after| Perfect Circle Corp., piston|she was acquitted by reason of|/did not jibe with Mrs. Go-

in Egypt's southern nieghbor, |

courts,

insanity.

\Ticki's account of the slaying.

: ' : : : the Sudan. : , 'being defeated for reelection,| ring manufacturers, whose New This Seine will have sli aaes tee an ee been presiding since Oct. 8| Castle, Ind., foundry has been ? storage capacity of 34 trillion|lease from the District of Co-|2¢ 2¢@rimgs in Seattle on the/involved in a long strikejfered this advice, Mrs. Haynes|cartridges found by police gallons, water that is vitally|jumbia jail on bond of $1000 Washington Pension Union. The; marked by acts of violence.|took the stand for the first time|See GORICKI, Page 10, Col. 1 needed to irrigate Egypt’s| The bond will remain in force Justice Department has charged} Teetor has been under attack/in District Court. She discussed parched land and set in motion | nding the oute vs Ay an- that the Union is a Communist) by the CIO for a year. her unwillingness to submit to . the generators to produce elec- on " rm b oy th: way . front and should be required; Mr, Eisenhower annouced|any more questioning about Searchers Find tricity, “~ holding Mrs. Covert should to gpa with the Govern-| several other appointments at/incidents relating to the fatal , ment. his temporary Gettysburg firing of the gun, She said: a ein ng: th Rives wine wrayer from a“ —— When the former Senator was Scedbeeartons Coden. jocluding| “I have God to answer to for Wrecked Plane ane than tut 1 See eee ne ce pommzes there | assigned to the case last Febru-| that of Clifford Cook Furnas,|that, and I don’t feel I have P asona sat ha toe oe will be great difficulties for the|ary the Union claimed he chancellor of the University ofite answer it.to every doctor REYKJAVIK, Iceland, Nov. stores less ~than one-third the a tena oon. oo a Buffalo, to be Assistant Sec-|who comes around, every nurse|22 ‘®—An American search : ° ; F Its . e : : ; ; iv. water capacity. ‘. late to solve the problems. |said it would not hiveraneened euaty of Defense £8 resedrey ane every. stleneens, |plane reported sighting an air For 5000 years the Nile has; Like the Supreme Court ma-|the Union’s move to disqualify

and development, Furnas will; It was Mrs, Haynes’ failure|craft wreck today in the spelled the difference to Egypt! jority in the Toth case, Judge|Cain had Gf eet wee mes § succeed Donald A. Quarles,)to cooperate, particularly on) Arafjall Mountains, 30 miles between land that could be cul-| Tamm said Congress can pass|mony which Cain made in 1949

now Secretary of the Air Force.}questions relating to whether|ftrom Reykjavik Airfield. tivated and desert. Each year| q law giving civil courts juris-| before a House Armed Services There was no explanation of jshe suffered from amnesia the) The plane—searching for an the mighty river discharges| diction in cases like that of Subcommittee.

why Teetor left earlier than the |night of the killing, that was @| American C-47 transport plane See DAM Page 7; Col. 1 | Mrs. Covert. Cain had told the Subcom-|Perary said’in October, how. |ments request for a contina (ant crew, °F four missing on s mittee the Union “is one of the test flight since yesterday aft-

Washington school crisis

is published today on

shin transport system, Chicago. Commerce Secretary Sinclair Weeks, meanwhile, has taken a dim view of congressional probes into his Without Com- pensation (WOC) employes and) Business Advisory Council. He Am’‘sem’ts 22-24 has termed the probes “a! church News.19 , massive attack on the free) ¢isccified 37.43 enterprise system.” Comics . . 52-55 Judge Barnes confirmed that) Crossword . .52 “some portions” of the order! District Line .54 relate to the August amend-| Dixon 5 ments to the Defense Produc-! fditorials tion Act. The amendments) Events Today.18 stipulate that both agencies; Federal Diary |7 and the Government's regular) Financial .25-27 | Society employes, WOCs and consult-| Gallup | Sokolsky ants must file statements in| Goren ......34 | Sports the Federal Register on any} Herblock ...14 | Weather .... financial interests they held} Horoscope ..53 | Winchell .

Just before Judge Laws of-| The position of two empty

Page Keeping Well 2 Kilgalien ....23 Livingston 25 Movie Guide .24 Night Clubs. .49 Obituaries ..18 Pearson 55 Parsons 22 Picture Page.21 Postlude 24 Radio-TV

Alsops

|

retary said in October, how-

with private businesses within 60 days of their Government appointment )

To date, filings have been | withheld pending the establish- ment of uniform filing require. ments.

Leave Hats Or Gloves At The Book Fair?

Washington's youngsters were so busy making friends with books last week that they left a heap of hats, scarfs and what- nots at the Book Fair.

Would Be Delegates or Nothing

Attempts by officials of the White House Conference on Education to keep Congressmen off the spot during the upcom- ing canclave boomeranged yes- terday.

Clint Pace, Conference Direc- tor, received turndowns from two Democratic members of the House Education and Labor

if you are now the proud owner ef one glove or no hat due to the fun you had at the Fair, don’t give up hope. Your etceteras and-so-forths may be among the lost and found articles we are holding for you in the main lob- by of The Washington Post and Times Herald, 1515 L St. N.W. Come clairh yours today.

a.

Committee who had been asked | to serve as observers during the ‘four-day meeting which opens ‘Monday. ,

| Both Representatives Cleve- land Bailey of West Virginia and Frank Thompson Jr. of New Jersey wrote Pace they ‘wanted to be participants or)

jnothing at all. /pos

Pace said Conference officials 'didn’t want to ereate a situa-

t

, »

Congressmen Shun ‘Observer’ Status At White House Education Conference

tion where Congressmen might have to go on record on a Con- ference issue that later might come before them for legisla- tive action.

Thus, he said, members of both the House and Senate Committees charged with edu- cational matters were invited to observe.

Bailey and Thompson, how- ever, expressed the view that it was senseless to go any place unless they could speak.

Wrote Bailey: “Uniess I have the status of a delegate and can participate in the discus- sions at the Conference, I would prefer to remain in the ition where | can continue to support legislation approved by the House Committee on

/

a

~

most notorious Communist- front organizations in the State of Washington and its entire high command has been identi- fied as belonging to the Commu- nist Party before the Washing- ton State Un-American Activi- ties Committee.”

D, C. Firm Signs Yemen Oil Pact

NEW YORK, Nov. 22 ‘#—A group of United States oil and financial specialists today said they have negotiated history's ifirst oil and ae conces- sion with the Middle East king- dom of Yemen, long closed to the Western world.

The agreement was negoti- ated by Yemen Development Corp. of Washington, D. C. It covers exclusive rights to hunt for and exploit petroleum and other mineral resources for 30 years.

Principals in the firm include George E. Allen, one-time as sociate of former President

Education a few days prior to adjournment of Congress.”

This bill would channel $400 million in Federal money an- nually into state school con- struction programs on a match- ing basis. Some of President Eisenhower's recommendations for aiding school districts to float bond issues also are in- cluded in the bill.

Federal aid for school build- ing is the only hot-potato item on the conference agenda.

Pace said he had received letters from “quite a few” Con- gressmen willing to be ob- servers.. Others, he said, had informed his office they would|

be tied p on hearings and

Truman, and Walter S. Gabler, other b foreign investment

expert, f

ever, that Teetor had wanted to resign as of Oct. 1 but had been; The defense psychiatrist, Dr. persuaded to stay on until a/jAlbert FE. Marland, testified successor had been found, He that Mrs. Haynes’ cooperation was Assistant Secretary for probably would increase if she Domestic Affairs. hwere assured she were giving (Related Story, Page 15, Picture|doctors “confidential” informa-

on Page 21.) See HAYNES, Page 16, Col. 1

ance.

| ernoon—sighted the wreckage ;at dusk. | A ground party began climb- ing the mountain immediately, The missing plane was part ‘of the United States air de- ifense force stationed in Ice- land.

Challenged on Two Frents

Army Will Review Security Policy

On Less-Than-Honorable

pressed hard to provide legal justification for action against recruits based on preinduction activity.

These were practices spelled out in 1953-54, during the peak of the investigations by Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy (R-Wis,) who flayed the Army for grant- ing an honorable discharge to Irving Peress.

, tables were turned yes-

By Murrey Marder Gta Reporter

Faced with challenges on two fronts, Army officials yester- day agreed to reexamine their

licy of giving some draftees

ss than honorable discharges on security grounds of a civilian nature.

Before the Senate Sub- committee on Constitutional Rights, Army spokesmen were

Discharges

terday. The Army was under challenge on grounds it had gone too far.

Subcommittee Counsel Lon Hocker said the Army has been using “a sort of entrapment” in submitting loyalty forms to

6.

He said, and Army Assistant Secretary Hugh M. Milton agreed, that in giving these questionnaires to recruits, the

See RIGHTS, Page 8, Col. 1

:

THE WASHINGTON POST and TIMES HERALD y Wednesday, November 23,1955 —-- oe

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Unli

kely, Le

U. S. IMMIGRATION

Before and Alter Restrictions

= bei G3

1920 1940 1960

9 0 Lantana 1840 1860 1880

& 6 OfPeeTHEHT OF seercuLTUrE

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1900

Democrats Play Polities On U.S. Policy, Case Says

By Jack Bell Associated Press

Sen. Clifford P. -Case (R-N.,pinned a “failure”

J.) accused Democratic presi- | those policies. ae dential aspirants yesterday of Case said all of this a up

ne \to the fact that “we are in the playing politics with foreign | 1954 Presidential campaign.” policy by “destructive” criti-/ “Events of the past few days cism of President Eisenhower's |!eave no doubt about that,” he conduct of international af-| Said. “And these events under- fairs.

score the harm that can be

Chairman Styles Bridges (R- done our country and to the N. H.) of the Senate Republican | Peace of the world if partisan- Policy Committee took a simi-

ship gets the better of respon- lar course. He said that instead

label on

sibility in the discussion of for- of representing a failure, the/¢i¢™ policy during the 12 long Geneva Foreign Ministers Con-| months that lie ahead.

ference made a great gain in| Case, who has assumed in- disclosing that the Russians'formal leadership of all-out still are engaged in a “phony! Eisenhower supporters in the peace offensive.” Senate, said that leading can-

The statements obviously;didates for the Democratic were in reply to weekend | nomination were “campaigning blasts by Democrats Adiai|openly on a platform whose Stevenson, Gov. Averell Harri-|main thrust appears aimed at man of New York and Sen.'/President Eisenhower's con- Estes Kefauver of Tennessee. (duct of our foreign policy.”

Stevenson, the 1952 Demo-| cratic presidential nominee|policy does not mean unan- who Is runnifig again, sald in|}imous agreement on every Chicago Saturday that the point,” he said, “but it does “mists of illusion” had faded'carry a responsibility of crit- from Geneva to disclose that | icism directed im specific terms the cold war still is in a “deep| always with’ tonstructive con- freeze.” | tent.

Harriman, who has indicated| The prestige of our Presi- he js “available,” Monday called|dent throughout the world— the Administration's foreign|slave and free—is an asset to policy actions in 1955 “a classic | us as a nation. This leadership in the history of bungling” |should be strengthened, not Kefauver, who may announce serve as a tadget of negative his candidacy next month,/ criticism alone.”

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Hearts of Celery Assorted Jumbo Olives Choice of Appetizers:

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“A sound bipartisan foreign |

Changes in Aliens Law |

hman Avers

By Herbert Foster

> | United Press

Sen. Herbert H. Lehman (D- N. Y.) urged Congress yester- day to replace the “shameful” |McCarran-Walter Act with his

imore liberal immigration bill. But he conceded there is little ichance of congressional action next year.

Sen. Arthur V. Watkins (R- Utah), chairman of a Senate Immigration Subcommittee and defender of the McCarran-Wal- ter law, told Lehman “you are a true prophet, there probably will be no action.”

Economist Louis H. Bean told the Subcommittee the United States would have won World War II quicker and at less cost if it had not restricted immigra- tion 30 years ago. He said this country would have had more /Manpower and its enemies less.

Origins Attacked

Lehman and Rabbi Abraham J. Feldman, president of the Synagogue Council of America, denounced the controversial national origins system of al- lotting immigration quotas. They said it was based on false notions of racial superiority.

Under the national origins system, immigration quotas are handed out to nations on the 'basis of the United States pop- ulation break<iown in 1920. |Critics contend this discrimi- ‘nates against Southern Euro- |peans and others. | Lehmap urged the pooling of immigration quotas which then would be used to reunite fami- lies and allow entry into the country of persons with special skills and the oppressed. He also called for a special quota

interests of the United States.” “Unfounded Fears”

Both the Rabbi and Lehman criticized features of the Mc- Carran-Walter Act setting up a series of reasons for deporting naturalized citizens. Feldman said such groups should be de- iported only for fraud in gain- \ing citizenship.

Lehman charged that the Mc- Carran-Walter law “represents ‘a pyramid of unfounded fears i—fear of foreigners, fear of criminals, fear of Communists ‘and anarchists, and fear even \of naturalized American citi- zens.”

Lehman also warned the Democratic-controlled Congress that failure to revise the immi- gration act next year could be- come a political issue in the 1956 elections. He recalled that President Eisenhower has sev- eral times advocated changing the law.

Bean said the United States should be admitting 1,500,000

“t® promote the foreign policy)

' ' ' i '

ton banker yesterday agreed the Federal Government should liberalize unemployment com- pensation and help finance new industrial plants in areas of “chronic” unemployment.

Both called for Federal loans to help distressed communities build plants for prospective em- ployers. They also agreed that rapid tax write-offs should be allowed on new plants built by private firms in such areas.

The views were given to a joint congressional Economic Subcommittee- by Stanley H. Ruttenberg, CIO research di- rector, and Alfred C. Neal, first vice president of the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.

The Subcommittee is explor- ing ways of bolstering low-in- come families in economically- distressed urban and rural areas.

Emphasizing the need for aid for the jobless, Ruttenberg pro- posed a broad Federal-aid pro- gram for 125 industrial areas in 30 states where unemployment has exceeded 6 per cent.

His plan called for Federal

Birthday Party for Iron Fred 8. Gichner, president and founder of the iron works

which bears his name, 1214 24th st. nw., celebrated his 85th

birthday yesterday at a surprise party given by his em- ployes. Among those present was Arthur Eustis (right), grandson of Arthur Lusky, who was Gichner’s first employe.

U.S. Plant Aid Is Urged For Low-Income Areas

By Vincent J. Burke United Press

A CIO spokesman and a Bos-|

Internationa] News Service

ported yesterday that the cost of living remained unchanged from September to October be- cause declining food prices off- set other price gains.

The department's cost of liv- ing index for mid-October was

Drop in Food Prices Keeps Cost Of Living Index Stable in October

averaged $6485. This repre-; Pointing up the decline in sented’ a gain “of five dollars food prices, the Labor Depart- during the year, the largest in- ment declared that the food crease since World War II. \index in October dipped te Ewan Clague, Commissioner|*108 percent of the 1947-48 of Labor Statistics, said that|#verage for urban families. lower food prices probably will| Meats, poultry and fissh were continue for the next month or down to near the level of the two, but some other items like| base period years of 1947 te

.

1149 percent of the 1947-49 average, the same as in the previous month. three-tenths higher than a year before, four-tenths of one percent be- low the all-time high.

D. C. Food Prices Dip (The BLS made no separate

& 239 p

|

This was upward. of one percent

transportation, housing and’ 1949. various services will “creep”| ‘The cost of living index has not. changed enough

This indicates that the cost July to affect the pay of of living probably will remain ers and others whose wage con stable in the immediate future. tracts are pegged to it.

report on the overall price in-| pee dex for Washington but did is-|/j

sue a report showing that the level of food prices declined | 12 percent here between Oc- tober and September.

(The retail food price index stood at 1113 in Washington)

man

percent in a month but only) one-tenth of one percent less! _.. {than October 1954.] ) Take-home pay of the aver-| age factory worker, meanwhile, | reached a new high in October,

stability in living costs also resulted in the purchasing) power of the average factory) worker's pay check rising to a new record level. |

Factory Pay Gains

The department said the take-| home pay of a factory worker |

payment of transportation for'| jobless workers who migrate | with three dependents averaged |

from such areas, Federal distri-|$72.18 a week in October, bution of surplus foods and|¥He that of a single worker

payment of Social Security benefits before age 65 to elderly displaced workers.

Ruttenberg also recommend- ed that the Federal Govern- |ment launch public works pro- grams in such areas and give plants there priority on all Gov- ernment contracts and pur- chase orders.

Support Colleges| With ‘No Strings, Business Urged

- SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 22 # Neal said unemployment

compensation should be liberal-//ndependent colleges should go

ized in distressed areas to per-|to

mit spe ong undergoing re-iernment for resources to care |

train to receive paymentsi anding nee Al-|

for an additional 26 weeks. He\p ras cise’ teicran ne he!

said the Federal Government’ 7 .

should foot this bill. iboard of General Motors. Neal also called for technical; Leaders of several big firms)

assistance to help industries in|sounded this note at a one-day

such areas develop new prod-|p, ine Coast conference on in-

ucts and expand their markets. | '

| Neal identified six New Eng- dustry and higher education

land “chronic labor surplus yesterday.

areas.” As Providence, R. I! The conference, sponsored by

ane eames. yo LOW-'the Council for Financial Aid|

a a on sence "B'to Education, heard estimates

‘Massachusetts. , ithat American colleges and uni-

'

GM Accused Sales of Its O

'

An independent auto heater

By Dayton Moore United Press

versities will double their en-) rolment to 5,000,000 by 1970 and within the next detade will need $8 billion in additional! funds. Business and industry | must help to meet those needs, with no string attached, speak. ers said. |

Irving S. Olds, former chair-|

man of the board of U. S. Steel, \charges in two letters to him. | said the aim of the conference

of Forcing

wn Heaters

immigrants a year instead of|maker yesterday accused Gen-| The Federal Trade Commission was to encourage “unrestricted

about 200,000. If immigration had not been stricted after World War I,

re

‘he said, the United States pop-|ing dealers to buy cars with) field’s charges.

ulation and economy would be ‘Ll per cent larger now.

| Bean said the waves of immi- igration before World War |! were associated with peaks of | presperity. Every wave of im- \migrants “brought not only \brawn,” he said, “but brains /and geniuses for every field of | endeavor.”

| Contract Is Awarded

‘For Seaway Filming BUFFALO, N. Y., Nov. 22 # The St. Lawrence Seaway de- velopment Corp. today an- nounced the award of a $64,987 contract to Holland-Wegman Productions

way. | The project covers produc- tion of a 14-minute sound film .in..color. for each. year of Sea- way construction through 1958, plus a 28-minute composite film covering the entire project.

of Buffalo for a, documentary film on the Sea-

| eral Motors of freezing him out |of the Chevrolet market by forc-

factory-installed heaters.

General Motors has denied ‘the charges. It says its dealers may order Chevrolets with or without heaters. It added, how- | ever, that it will continue to “aggressively and honestly” pro- mote the sale of its heaters.

The heater manufacturer, E. L. Schofield, Rockford, Ill, tes- tified before the Senate Anti- monopoly Subcommittee. It is making a case study of the ef- fect of General Motors, the world’s biggest industrial con- ‘cern, on the United States econ- omy.

Schofield testified that the ‘Aetna Manufacturing Co., Bos-

ton, refused to make switches ‘for hig heaters after General Motors threatened to withdraw ‘its business from Aetna.

| Jt was brought out that Gen- eral Motors denied Schofield’s

Army and Air Force Feud

Over ‘Sky-Cav’ Flying Unit

United Press

Air Force Secretary Donald the basic issue of whether the

‘Army should operate its helli-'

~ pera last night erougnt | soters and light planes as it

‘out into the open a long-smoul-| 3. gt He said he overruled

dering Army-Air Force feud|air Force Gen. O. P. Weyland

over whether the Army should only to permit the Army to test use its air arm. its air unit.

Quarles said he overruled an| Quarles’ statement was sent Air Force general who tried\tg6 Weyland and handed news unsuccessfully to block the! men following a conference be- Army from testing its new|tween the Air Force chief and “Sky Cavalry” unit during Op-|Army Secretary Wilber M. eration Sage Brush, the Lousi-| Brucker. ana war games. | Pentagon officials said the

But Quarles emphasized that issues run so deep that Defense he acted “without prejudice” to! Secretary Charles E. Wilson

leventually may have to settle SUKIYAK

‘the fight. At issue were 29 helicopters COOKED AT YOUR TABLE Jade\ sa

and light planes comprising a reconnaisance unit which uses

1018 Vermont Ave. N.W. For Res, EX.3-5474 Sun. 5-10 p.m.

airborne television, infra-red cameras, motion pictures and long-range photography to relay combat data to Army commanders.

ee TS ee ee eee ee

STATION WAGON 1955 PONTIACS

$2,399

Left Over @ Never Sold @ Never Used Fully Equipped

FLOOD PONTIA

4221 Connecticut Avenue - WO. 6-8400

‘reported after an investigation|gifts” to colleges and universi- 'that it could find no letters or\ties. Corporations, he said, ‘documents to substantiate Seho-'should let the schools decide ‘how the money should be spent.| |

Employment Here Dips First Time in 9 Months

|

, | | Employment in the Washing-| changed but retail trade showed ton area declined during Octo-|4 tise of 800 employes. nme

. The October total excee ber after nine straight months the October, 1954, total by 5600, af gains, according to the!

Hetzel said. United States Employment| ae - \Service for the District of|

| Columbia. | Area employers reported ‘620,500 workers for October ‘compared to 622,300 in Septem- 'ber, a loss of 1800: Agency Di- irector Fred Z. Hetzel said the | loss may mark the beginning ‘of a leveling-off period that will extend through next

NEED Duct Work?

. This Is Our Slow Time Of The Year, And A Good Time To Have Your Duct Work Fixed Up Or Added To— .

|

'

during October, a drop of 12)if

due to booming