: The Weather

Today—Fair and cooler, high between 73 and 80 degrees. Wednesday—Partly cloudy, showers or thunderstorms like- ly. Monday's temperatures? High, 93 degrees at 4:05 p. m.; low, 68 degrees (For details see Page 18.)

at 7 a. m






Cimes B


ton ost FINAL

79th Year No. 162 * Phone RE, 7-1234

Copyright 1956 The Washington Post Company


TUESDAY, MAY 15, "1956

WTOP Radio (1500) TV (Ch. 9)


Approval In Arlington

Board Gives | County Schools Entire Amount

Sought for Year

By Connie Feeley Saf Reperter

The Arlington County Roard approved a record $24 million budget last night and broke a precedent by giving the schools all the money they requested

The budget, which is for (the next fiscal year. includes $14.4 million for County needs and $9.6 million for school operat ing expenses.

The school request 000 more than the present $78 million school operating budget. The new school budget wast approved by a 3-0-2 vote, in which Board Chairman Wes sey W. Cooper voted with the two new Board members, Ralph Kaul and David L. Krup sav’. The latter two were elect- ed on the Arlingtonians for a Better County ticket last fall George M. Rowzee Jr. and Mrs. Leone Buchholz voted against the school budget.

Heretofore the County Board

is $861

previously controlied by con~

Indepen has re

Arlington mem bers ec hoo!

servative dent Movement tonsistentiy cul quests

Cooper not only swung the de eiding vote. but voted against Rowzee and Mrs. Buchholz. AIM leaders. when Rowzee made a last-ditch move to reduce the al ready-approved school budget


When his motion was de fetted.. Rowree said. “A great injustice has been done the tax payers tonigh'

Board members imous. however the proposed County The original proposed county budget presented by County Manager A. T. Lundberg last March was $14,429,563. The County Board subsequently added $240,000 cover any unforseen items and 2 D-c5ent limit 2 rate mecrease

As adopted last nigh’ Lundberg s recommendat the new County budget stands at $14,377,425, and requires a Scent increase in the personal property tax rate and a l2-cent increase on the reali estate rate

The new school budget for a i<cent increase on person si property and a i}cent hike on real estate. Thus the com bined tax-rate increase required by both budgets js 3 cents on personal property and 25 cents on real property

Present tax rates are $4.47 pe: $100 of assessed valuation on personal property and $3.26 on real property)

The new County budget in- eludes funds to reduce working hours in the police and fire divisions to a five-day week The conversion will require an additional 21 firemen and 27 policemen at a cost of $177,000 for 1956-57.

Capital eluded amount in already funds.

Major item in the new school budget is $268,000 for teacher salary increases. Minimum sal aries will be raised by $200 a year and maximum by %400 About $258,000 is included for 48 new teachers and three ad ditional principals to meet an estimated 5 per cent enroll ment increase

were wunan im approving budge

to ae on (ax on



improvements in to $4.5 million allocated bond

Want Ad Sells Washer First Day

“My want ad amared me’ it sold @ used + machine on the first day i b ought in lots of calls tw aled Mr Earl J Krotzer, 54629 '8th 1rd. N. Ar-

lington, Va

Sell articles you're finished with taster through The Washington Post and Times Herald—reach ing over 382,000 families daily thousands more families than can be reached through any other paper in town. Simply call—

RE. 7-1234

$24 Million Belvoir Workers Budget Gets Get Small Dose Backed for _

At least 15 persons working | exposed

on a portable atomic reactor at Ft. Belvoir were exposed yes- terday to “small” doses of gam- ma radiation but none was be- lieved to have received a harm- ful amount

Gamma rays are the most penetrating emissions of radio active materials and are the lethal rays out of A-bomb blasts

The Atomic Energy Commis sion. which disclosed the Ft Belvoir incident, said that those exposed to the rays receiv doses “considerably lower than any which could result in an gbservable clinical effect.”

The source of the radiations the AEC said. was radioactive: iridium being used for X-raying welds, which “was left wun

shielded for about three hours persons known to have been in “on

. contrary to standard prac. tice

The gamma--emitting metal (which in its wnirradicated state is used in pen points) is employed to make radiographs to detect internal flaws in metals Ft. Belvoir, the AEC said was being used to inspect weld unions. «a “standard practice where high- quality welding is required.”

The 15 known to have been

At it

were identified as “several. workmen and other personnel. engaged on con. struction of the Army Package Reactor,” a portable - military atomic power plant, now under | construction at Ft. Belvoir. ,

The AEC announce ment stressed that no fissionable ma terial was involved in the in cident, adding that there is no such A-bomb ingredient mate rial at the installation.

The industrial iridium source of the rays, the AEC said, had been removed from its shield. ed container and left unshield ed for a period of about three hours yesterday morning

All 15 were given physical examifiations and were assured that their exposures.were “not serious.” the AEC said. Other

searched ‘me an

the vicinity will be out and given examinations a precautionary measure, AEC spokesman said

The names of those exposed are: R. Helton, L. Wingfield, © Smith. W. Battle. E. White, J Adams, S. Alesi, T. Storey, | Fowler, A. Blanton, A. Edwards, L. J. Misenheimer, J. S. Beau mont, E. L. Cofrances and L. T Larson. Addresses were not available last night.

Teday’s. Forecast Is Cooler

93 Degrees

Sets New

Record tor May 14

Cooler weather is expected today in the wake of Washing ton’s first two<lay hot spell of the season. Yesterdays high of 93 degrees at 4:05 p. m. topped the all-time record of 92 for the day set in 1940.

A high between 75 and 80 was forecast (@F today \ cool front moving “Over the Great Lakes and through northern New York State will give the Vistrict and surrounding area some respite from the heat

The temperature rose to 92 degrees by 1 p. m. yesterday, equaling the record high for the day. and then climbed to a record-breaking 93

Yesterday's heat, like Sun day s was tempered by low hu- midity. The saturation was 37 per cent much of the afternoon

As the temperature wa ng yesterday Metropolitan privates, corporals and Eranis gol some goot news iney may take off their jack«


Po] ‘er a

, >

their time

and ties and roll sleeves three turns the mercury tops 80

Members of the Park Police force, however, must maintain their regular uniforms despite the heat

There were no reports of heat prostration yesterday. Zoo officials reported a larger turn. out than on an ordinary week- day. especially groups from schools

The Water Operations Divi sion said consumption in the District on Sunday totaled 123.5 million gallons, about 6.3 mil- lion more than the preceding Sunday


up any

the drop tures, the Weather looks for no further threat of thunder showers. Some rain was reported in northern parts of the District and in suburban Maryland vesterday. but none downtown at the National Airport weather station.

in tempera



Barricade Threat Stands

State Acts to Lighten | Rockville Traffic Load

\ Maryland State Roads Com mission official said last night inat signs will be erected on the new link of the ‘Washington National Pike. diverting traffic to a “Rockville bypass

The signs will direct through traffic, to Shady Grove rd. Other traffic may proceed to the Rock- ville business district by way of Montgomery ave., terminus of the new link

Rockville citizens protesting the opening of the new link said the bypass would be inef; fective. Many of the 150 at a meeting last night said they would join in a human barri- cade to close the new link

The 150 persons jammed the auditorium of the Citizens Building and Loan Association at Rockville. They were unable to discover how to turn on the building's air conditioning, but spoke enthusiastically in spite of the heat j

J L; Mintiens assistant traffic director of the Marvland State Roads Commission, told

the group of the bypass signs Phe meeting rejected this solu tion, complaining that Shady Grove rd. is a narrow, poorly paved secondary road

Roland E. Jones, SRC eng neer for the Rockville District. said the new link would be opened anytime between today and Sunday, depending on when the signs are finished.

Rockville Mayor Dickran \ Hovsepian and others have om posed the road because they say it will dump 7000 cars more daily onto the city’s already jammed streets

Clyde F. Deming, president of the West Rockville Citizens Association, who presided at the meeting, said the only com promise the group would ac cept would be to divert traffic to Brown Station rd. at Gaith ersburg

Deming plans to lead a mo torcade to Annapolis to discuss the road with Gov. T. R. Mk Keldin, who said last night the road would open on schedule

Kefauver the Candidate

Long Fight on Monopoly in Business Waged by Estes in House and Senate

declared on the House floor during an antitrust fight. “If we are to prevent collectivism and maintain our democratic,

This is the third of six articles on Estes Kefauver, his political career and his philosophy of government.


By Coleman A. Harwell

Editer, The Nashville Tennessean


Estes Kefauver is a relent- less foe of the things he be- lieves threaten American de- mocracy. High on his list is

monopoly. | “The power and domirance Time after. time he has met centration of economic power) Gailyp . of big business is growing,” he discouragement with new zeal See CANDIDATE, FP. 15 Col. 6 Goren


free enterprise system, we must act and act quickly.” Kefauver is not opposed to big business as such. He has said that bigness often results in ecoflomies, which is in the public interest. But when such bigness has been employed to

crush competition, he has risen,

against it. It is a never ending fight.

| closed<ioor session. The vote! was kept open, however, to per-


U.S: Funds |


Subcommittee Votes Aid for School Districts Seeking Bias End United Presse A House Subcommittee voted. tentatively yesterday to give Federal aid to school! districts which must build ad- ditional facilities tg carry out the Supreme Cougt’s school integration decision, | The House Labor and Educa-' Subcommittee also . ap proved another measure to eX: tend and liberalize the Federal aid program for schools whose enrollments have been swollen by nearby defense and militaty installations The’ school integration bill | was sponsored by Rep. Stewart L. Udall (D-Ariz.). It would as-| sist integration-minded South-| ern sthool boards in states | which refuse to abolish segre-| gated schools on a state-wide basis. A majority of Subcommittee; members voted for the bill at a!


mit ebsentees to cast their bal-| lots = Under the bill. a school dis- trict desiring to integrate its> j CaS schools would be eligible for di- Surprise Wits rect Federal aid if additional school facilities were needed for a non-segregated system with an average of not more than 25 pupils per classroom Udall advanced the proposal some months ago as a possible.

aliernative to the a > of Rep Raony Claytee Manel (D-N. YJ to the $16 billion) NEW YORK, May 14 ™—Rep

school. cdfistructiow bill. Powell Adam Clayton Powell Jr. (D- would ban any aid to states de- N. Y.) appeared as a surprise fying the Supreme Court's rul-|witness at his former tary’s income tax evasion trial bill would provide today and denied assistance to eligible fiedly” that he ever received a school districts on the same\kickback from her congres- basis as Federal aid now is ex- sional salary. tended to schoo! systems which! The pastor of Harlem's have been overburdened by de- Abyssinian Baptist Church tes- fense or military installations in tifed for the defense in the their areas. Federal Court trial of Mrs The extension bill would con- Hattie Freeman Dodson, 47 tinue Federal aid to the so-\She is charged with evading called over-loaded areas for an- $5000 in taxes and receiving other two years beyond July 1, $2000 in illegal refunds from providing about $120 million for 1948 to 1952. school construction and about $226 million for operation and maintenance The Subcommitiee acted ao

the that her

An earlier witness for prosecution had testified Mrs. Dodson kicked back o $3875 congressional salary for cw hours after President 194g to Powell ond hops fer ,18e nhower called anew for herself only a few hundred dol

prompt approval of the Admin- iv e istration s long-stalled $1.4 bil- a’ eS.

ion school construetion bill Mr. Eisenhower wrote Weil’ Powel! under questioning by McElroy, chairman of the re. Dodsons attorney, was cent White House Conference asked on Education. that the Nation “Did Hattie Freeman Dod-oon must build more schools with. kick back any of her congres Out delay “if we are to keep sional salary to you". paith with our children.” “Unqualifiedly, no. Nevet He said that wublic ed . "Dp i] led te wens aisite - duca- Not one penny,” Powell replies iy. not for ts np ti. eponatper- quietly. the teac} ape’ people or for Powell also denied that Virs ul aching profession, or for had talked to him particular groups a Dodson ever ha | everyone.” about her tax returns and He sa : Fir praised her as having a reputa the education conterones 98 {OF honesty and truth. Me “confirms the critical natue of said Mrs. Dodson had worked the classroom shortage in public Sor Des snes Bs was elected schools and recognizes the need to Congress 12 years ago. In for-Federal assistance to help addition to acting as his “top meet the emergency.” executive” in his congressional office here, he said, she aiso E i has served as his church secre- > . r la len Wins Vote Mre Dodson went on trial F " , . last week with her husband, n Frogman Case Howard T. Dodson, 46, choir- master of Powell's church. But British Prime Minister Sir Federal Judge Irving: Kaufman Anthony Eden defeated a mo. dismissed charges against Dod tion Of censure last night dj. son rected against his refusal to go' Attorneys for Mrs. Dodson into the case of Comdr. Liene] had sought dismissal-of the Crabb, the frogman whose dis- charges against her as well, on appearance near visiting Rus- the ground she was a “conduit sian warships in Portsmouth for the congressional salary.” Harbor has created a sensation. Katfman ruled the Govern. Details on Page 6. ment had tried neither to prove nor disprove the kickback charges | Mrs. Dodson is accused of re- ceiving tax refunds after claim- ing nonexistent. children as dependents. Powell |that he knew his secretary per- ‘sonally but did not- know whether she had children Powell denied the kickback ‘charge when he was asked about testimony by Joseplt E.


and at least once has found vic- tory in defeat...

He served as chairman of the House Mcnopoly Subcommittee in 1946 when it produced one of the most thorough and per- suasive reports ever made on the subject.

The published report was titled “United States Versus Economic Concentration and Power.”

i Today’s Index

Page ! Amusements .46 | Herblock | Childs 14! Horoscope City Life 17 | Keeping Well

Classified .29-35 | Kilgallen Comics 36-39 | Lippmann Crossword ...37 . Movie Guide District Line 38 | Obituaries” Dixon .15 | Parsons ; Editorials 14 | Pearson This report said: __| Events Today 18 | Picture Page ‘The danger is not In big) federal Diary ‘7 Sokolsky . business as such, but in the con-) Financial . 20-21 | Sports 15 | TV-Radio 38 Women’s

Page 4 37 36 46 15 46 18 46 39 22 15

47 25-28





Powell Denies Getting

Kickback From Aide



cxanged his

Tributes for the ‘Mother of th

Mrs. Earl Warren, wife of the Chief Jus- | tice, is congratulated on being honored as the Variety Club of Washington's “Mother of the Year.” at a luncheon at the Statler


and for manager for

Ford. an accountant mer campaign Powel!

Ford testified for the prose- cution last week that Mrs. Dod- son told him her congressional salary belonged to Powell but she could keep any refund she received,

Powell testifiet that Ford had “a terrible reputation” in the community. He said he severed relations with Ford in 1951 because he was “a man who could not be trusted. a man who engaged in sharp practices and operated a tax mill for scores of people

When asked if he did not think it strange that Mrs. Dod son sought income tax advice from Ford when he had a “ter rible reputation Powell re plied: “I think she was naive

Ramp Moved:

Passenger Hurt

¥4 Samue! ton. Mad tne rignt in an Vas

LOUIS, May 14 #®—Mre \. Silk. 61, of Church sufferec fractures of hip and arm today unusual accident as she alighting from an air- plane here

Sie arrived here with her husband. Dr. Silk. former as sistant superintendent of St Elizabeths Hospital in “Wash. ington, D. C A spokesman for Airlines said four other pas sengers, including Dr. Silk. were descending from a plane when wind exceeding 30 miles an hour moved the ramp at the moment Mrs. Silk stepped out the door. She fell about 20 feet to the concrete pave ment. She was taken to St Josephs Hospital in St Charles. Mo.. where her condi tion was described as serious


| By John G

1.2 Million


‘Troop Cut

: bd | to

- *

By Arthur Ellie Stall Photes

e Year

yesterday. Her admirers here are daughter, Virginia (eft), and daughterin-law, Mrs. Earl Warren Jr. The Warrens have six chil- | @ren and five crandchildren, (Story, P. 26.)

Navy to Build


Submarines Norris


8 ail ABOARD USS. May .14—The Navy plans to build a radically different atomic submarine éspecially de- signed to combat Russia's huge undersea flect Rear Adm. Hyman G over, the Navy's expert, told of the proposed new pintsized “SSK*—sub- killer submarine—at a press conference held aboard the world’s first atomic ship more than 300 feet below the lace of the Allantic Ocean. Cruising comfortably along at 20 knot* sight lutionary

Rick. nuclear-ship


reporters gel new in into the scope and character


revo of the

Navy s sub program guarded his disclosure of the new SSK. but said Engi

neers contract

Ricnover was in { ombustion Na« develop a small reactor for such a cratit


] rhe a to

will ask to build

“I expect the Navy authority and funds such a boat in the 1958 ship. construction program.” he said ‘We want a craft that could be mass-produced in an emergen se. were taken on an overnight cruise on the Nawu- tilus this weekend—the first private citizens allowed below This reporter and others were allowed te take the controls of this amazing ship, to put her into steep dives. and sharp turns at better than 20 knots New-type controls are pat terned after those of an air- plane


York harbor surface onl,

See NAUTILUS, Page 7, Col. 1

New on the

Leaving we were

Part of It Is Already Spent

| In


By Soviet Russians Also Will ‘Mothball’ 375 Warships.

Moscow Reveals

By Whitman Bassow

MOSCOW, May 14 @®" Russia announced today it is reducing its military man- power by 1.2 million men in a move that would cut the So- viets estimated armed forces strencth below the United States level

The Russians a! lenged the United S ain and France Soviet cut. They Western powers followed the Soviets would conside! ther reduc

The Soviet


tions government * massive reaucuon. wo be completed by Ma’ 1957 would include 63 Soviet sons and brigades p! air divisions numbering



White House Is Cool To Cut in Red F orces

The White House said ves terday any cut in Seviet armed forces “would have more significance” if accom- panied by acceptance of dis- armament proposals. Page 16.

stationed in East

now Lermany. addition. tt Was - an- nounced. the Soviet navy would put 375 vessels into mothballs and make corresporiding cuts in the military budge!

Announcement of the cut was made by Press Chief Leonid Iiychev at a Foreign Ministry press conference. He said the new reduction would be in add)- tion to the 640,.000-man Red Army cut announced by the Soviets last year

The announcement of the cut came just two weeks after Western delegates to the [fruit- less London disarmament con- ference predicted such a So viet move

Harold Lk. Stassen Fisenhowers di sistant. recentiy estimated So- viet military manpower at 4 million men and said the U nited States has 29 million men ufh- der arms

The Russiar would slash to 2 m Stassen « estimate 7x) men figure

stassen, nad viel cul ana Signincant million men o1

insisting on the necessity ban Nuclear weapons, the viet deciaration stated § that “until now such an agreement has not been achieved because of the negative position of the United States and its Western partners.

2d Salk Shots Slated Today

President sarmament sas

_ ‘1

cut of 1.2 million Soviet ftorces according to about 100. \merican

neliow the

fo ite So said vould be if it. affected oa more



to So-

Second Salk shots for pre- schoolers who got first snots at the D. C. Armory last month will be given there today from 9:30 a to noon. the Health Department has announced, First be given,

shat wii? alse

Supreme Court “Takes Away’ $90,000 It Awarded Railroad Man Last Fall.

(Other decisions on page &.)

Associated Press

The Supreme Court last fall ruled that the New Haven Railroad must pay $90.000 to an injured brakeman; Yester- day the decision and sent the case back to a lower court.

“Oh my God,” man telephoned at his New Haven, Conn., home. “You mean they're going to take/sit away’”

The railroad alréa@dy had paid Cahill and he has spent a good part of it.

The reversal was a 54 de- cision. Last fall’s decision also was 54. The justice who mind was Sher-

said brake-

‘man Minton.

41-45 |

The minority of four justices

protested: “There should be a

finality somewhere.”


Raymond G. Cahill, 24.)

Asked about hill said:

“I have three children and I .bought a piece of property I'm building a nominally priced house on it, about $12,

the money, Ca-

Court reversed that) 000

“I paid all my bills, about $20,000, and I bought a station wagon. | haven't even bought a suit of clothes for myself.”

In the background; over the phone, a woman could be heaid sobbing.

“That's my wife,” said Ca- hill. “Tll have to hang up now ... I’ve been disappointed s0 many times, one of us has kind of got to keep from going to pieces.”

Cahill was injured by a truck while flagging traffic behind a train. He contended he was told to work in a dangerous place without being warned.


4 United States District Court jury granted $90,000 damages. A Circuit Court re- versed it. Last Nov. 21 the Su-

preme Court upheld the award and the railroad paid

In March the railroad asked the case be sent back to the Circuit Court for consideration of. one more point whether the trial judge properly admit- ted evidence of previous acci- dents at the spot where Cahill was injured

This is* what the Supreme Court did in its second deci- sion. Yesterday's majority opin- ion said “we deem our original ordér erroneous .and recall it in the interests of fairness.”

The new decision does not necessarily mean Cahill cannot eventually win again. It does mean new litigation


THE WASHINGTON POST and TIMES HERALD 2 Tuesday, Mav 15, 1936



Harriman Ogles Wyo. Delegates

CODY, Wyo. May 4 WF Gov. Averell Harriman of New York said today that although he is not an active candiaate for the Democratic presidential nomination, “I'd be mighty proud” if the people Wyoming wanted to support his candidacy

Harriman came here to make the keynote address at the Wyoming Democratic Conven tion.

He also spoke at a breakfast meeting at which he said New --York’s delegation to the Na tional Convention will place his name in nomination, and not as a favorite son

Wyoming Democrats yester- day elected 28 delegates who will have 14 votes at the Demo cratic National Convention Eleven of the delegates—with 5% votes said they favor Harriman for the party's presi dential nomination. Eleven Gelegates said they were un decided. Four said they favor Sen. Estes Kefauver of Ten- nesseee, one was for Adlai Stevenson and one for Sen Stuart Symington of Missouri.

The delegates elected were nominated by a convention committee. In a two-hour floor battle, Kefauver forces nomi nated their own Slate, but the committee slate won approval in a showdown vote, 129-66

The Kefauver forces also were defeated earlier when

_ ———— —— ~ _

Senate Group Expands _

they sought to exand the nomi- nating committee from sevél to 23 members. beat down this proposal. Harriman told a _ reporter after the breakfast: “I am not

ming’s delegation, but I'd be very much honored to have their support.”

Harriman, in an address at the State Convention, said, “now that President Eisen- hower has become Candidate Eisenhower, he must be held directly and personally respon. sible for the failures of his Administration.”

Harriman declared “Eisen

A voice vole’

of making an open bid for Wyo

Estes Denounces ‘Faceless Accusers’

; - | RERKELEY, Calif., May. 14:sponsdred by Vice President |crowd of 500 on the courthouse an Estes way + ended wring venapeg Rv the gray when Nixon jawn in Salem that the Repub- ¢ opposes Government was a Senator. It went . ; security programs that would jthe Nation's actual security. re-| 2" Administration has done make the United States a na-) he said tion of “half screenees and haif’ screenors.” “lost ground” om many of them, In a campaign talk at the)California before flying to the United Press reported. Uriversity of California's gon, said he knew young peo-- {He urged a continuagce of ‘west Gate, the Tennesseean ple whose Government careersithe “great social revolution \was applauded warmly by a had been ruined by “faceless|started in the 1930s.” crowd police estimated at more. accusers.” (Stevenson, campaigning than 3000. The crowd about) Commenting at a press con- against Kefauver for write-in matchéd that attracted by Ad- ference on a statement by Gov. votes in Friday's primary. ac- lai Stevenson a week ago: Herman Talmadge of Georgiaicused Republicans of doing Kefauver and Stevenson are that Stevenson was acceptable|nothing about farm and school contending for California's 68/but Kefauyer was..nmot as a'problems “until an election Democratic National Conven-!presidential candidate in the year.” s | ition votes in the June 5 presi-|South, Kefauver sald, “I.den't} [At Woodburn, Stevenson. dential primary. think he speaks for tie South- bothered by a cold, apologized

hower is a prisoner of big busi-

ness and specia] interests. Later, at Missoula, Mont.. Harriman said the resignation

,of Douglas McKay as Interior ‘Secretary “doesnt

mean the era of the great give-away is over.”

In a speech for the Montana JeffersonJackson Day, dinner, Harriman said:

“It is President Eisenhower's policies that are throttling the growth of the West by abandon- ing great public projects. Mc- Kay was just his willing agent.”

The Democratic State Com- mittee last night nominated the incumbents—Tracy S. McCrak- en, -Cheyenne publisher, and Mrs. Earle G. Burwell of Casper ~for national committeeman and committeewoman

Investigation of Chotiner

By Alvin. Spivak mI


A Senate Subcommittee has launched secret questioning of witnesses in an expanded in- vestigation of the activities of Murray Chotiner, Vice Presi dent Richard M 1952 campaign manager

Chairman Jonn L (D-Ark.) told an that the investigations he heads has begun “a pre liminary inquiry on the basis of information which has come to the committee.”

McClellan said the is unrelated to an investiga tion of charges of “graft” in military procurement. Chotiner testified last May 3 on his legal representation of several clients who are key figures in that probe.

The Senator told a newsman “Now the Committee is pursu ing some of his other activities involving clients where Federal Government interests was in voived.’

Chotiner, a Los Angeles at-



interviewer group


Moss Scores FBI School’s

Ban on Press

United Press

Rep. John E. Moss (D-Cailif.) demande! yesterday to know why the press has been barred from “civil rights schools” con ducted by the G-Men for ern police

Moss asked Attorney Gen eral Herbert Brownell! for an explanation, acting on a re port from Columbia, 5. C., that ‘the press had been excluded from an FBI seminar for the Columbia Police Department ' on May 8

The civil rights on which the police are being briefed include | freedom of the

An FBI spokesman said | press was barred because “cer ;tain investigative techniques are discussed which are not to be made public.”



pi rss


In a letter to Brownell, Moss ,

tasked the Attorney General + what authority he had for keep- ing the seminars secret. The ' FBI is under Brownells juris , diction. Moss is Chairman of a House Government Operations Subcommittee investigating suppression of public informa- tion

Moss cited the Justice De partment’s statement to the Subcommittee that it withholds information only in rare cases “when it is determined that the public interest would be dam aged.”

Brownell. in the Justice De partment statement to the Sub committee last August, said “Freedom of the press was not written into the Constitution for the benefit of the press. lt was for the benefit of the peo- ple as a whole.”

Moss asked Brownell, “Would you not consider a freer dis. cussion of civil rights by the FBI or by any other arm of the Justice Department to be for the ‘benefit of the people as a whole”?’”

ws Service torney, swore in his testimony May 3 that he never used the name or influence of Nixon in Tepresenting law clients who were in trouble with the Government

He said he had never heard of a purported Justice Depart ment order urging Federal at torneys to use “caution” in deal ing with Chotiner.. The Depart- ment still has not officially con firmed or denied McClellan's inquiry as to whether such an order was issued

Chotiner told the McClellan Subcommittee that he had con- tacted two White House aides with respect to clients of. his but a presidential spokesman declared there was nothing “im- proper about it

White House Secretary James (. Hagerty to'd newsmen sev- eral hours after Chotiner fed that the inquiries to presi- dential assistants Maxwell Rabb and Charles F. illis involved airline cases nding beforé the Civil Aeronatuticse Board which Chotinner lost anyway.


Excise Tax

Repeals Voted

By House Unit


The House Ways and Means Commitiece voted yesterday to repeal “discriminatory taxes on people who use ferryboats, air taxis, skating rinks ming pools and bathiag beaches

It also agreed exempt juke-box “milk bars” from the 20 per cent cabaret tax provid- ed they seii no alcoholic Liquors

The tax cuts were among 22 revisions tentatively approved by the Subcommittee as K con- tinued work on an .exhaustive overhaul! of excise (sales) taxes The 22 revisions would cost the Treasury $2.9 million a year in revenue

Ferryboats would be exempt from the 3 per cent tax on transportation of property

Airplanes engaged in hauling passengers on short trips would from the 10 per transportation of

TT. 4 © ec



pe exempt cent tax on persovs

Swimming pools. skating rinks, bathing beaches and other privately-onereted ast*b lishments providing “participa tion sports” would no longer have to pay a 10 per cent ad mrssion tax

The Committee also an proved a sweeping revision in communications taxes which would result. in reducing tax revenues by about $2 million a. veal

The Committee tentatively agreed to revise taxes on issu- ance and sale of securities with a resultant $2 million annual gain in Treasury revenue.

Evervthing’s All Right

MEXICO CITY. May 4 &# Three pérsons found guilty in a slaying finished serving 12- year sentences a year ago. Mex- ico’s Supreme Court has final. ly got around to the appeal they filed when convicted, It uphe'd .the. sentences.




4-Door De Luxe. Hydra-Matic; Radio, Heater. New-Car Guarantee—Used 1050 Miles.


4221 Connecticut Avenue

WO. 6-8400


The printing on Odie Riley's


United Press tie reads: “Wait "til the farm

vote comes in! The Sturgeon, Mo., farmer says “they can veto the farm bill but they can’t vete us farmers.”


The Democratic Digest said yesterday the Republican Par- ty has “lost more ground and more elections” under Presi- dent Eisenhower than under

any previous GOP President.

The Digest, monthly publi- cation of the Democratic Na- tional Committee, said “even President Herbert Hoover did better when he was in the White House.”

The article «aid the voters gave Mr. Hoover a Republican Congress during the mid4term election in his term of office. although the House was taken over later by the Democrats through the death of several GOP members. Democrats, it pointed out, won a majority of both Houses in Mr. Eisenhow- ers mid-term election.

This, the Digest added. was despite the present Chief Exec. ulives “DdDarnstorming cam paign™ in_ 1954

“Presdent Eisenhower's voter appeal sagged even further in the 1956 presidential prima ries,” the article said. It called the 1956 primaries “particular ly Significant in vew of the strong UVemocratic gains over the past three years.”

. They clearly indicate that President Eisenhower getting the same treatment at the polls this year as the Re. publican Pagty has been get- tung since early 1953,” it added.

The Democratic’ National Committee also said in anether


Democrats Cite GOP’ s __ Vote Losses Under Ike

—— ——— ae

Press |

article that the growing cost of political campaigns plus a “S0to-1 Republican fnancial advantage” endangers free elections. . It said the point bas been reached where a Party might lose an election “be-| cause it was unable to get ts| viewpoint before the voters.”

Sparkman Sees Health Issue as Not Needed

Associated Preaes

Sen. John Sparkman (D-Ala.) said yesterday the Democrats dont need ‘health or “part time President” issues to beat President Eisenhower in No vember

Sparkman. cratic nee,

the 1952 Denio vice presidential nomi- expressed gratification that Mr. Eisenhower's doctors had reported Saturday their examination showed the Presi. dent “physically active and mentally .alert” with normal blood pressure and no signs of muscle weakness in the heart Ben. Robert S. Kerr (D- Okla.), who has been critical of Mr. Eisenhower in the past, said in a separate interview

“] am glad the President still is physically active and men- tally alert. I know of nothing in either condition, however, that is of the least encourage- ment to the American farmer.”

Sen. A. S. Mike Moroney (D-Okla.) also said that he was glad Mr. Eisenhower's health

‘had improved. '

2 Congressional Races Feature Nebraska Vote

OMAHA, May 14 #®—Con- tests in Nebraska's second and

congressional districts likely to